1. Gestational hypertension may happend after 20 weeks of pregnancy and affects 6-8% of pregnant women.
2. Risk factor and causes of gestational hypertension include age, previous history, family background, diabetes, immune conditions, kidney issues, multiple pregnancies, and ethnicity increase risk.
3. Complications that may occur are placental abruption, premature birth, C-section, and preeclampsia.
4. Signs and Symptoms are increased blood pressure, swelling, sudden weight gain, visual changes, nausea, abdominal discomfort, and altered urination patterns.
Gestational hypertension is high BP that starts after 20 weeks of pregnancy. It may cause complications for both the mother and the child.
About 6 to 8% of women develop high BP during pregnancy. However, gestational hypertension is preventable and treatable with the proper awareness and help.
Gestational hypertension is a condition where high blood pressure arises after the 20th week of pregnancy. It is also called pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). It resolves shortly after childbirth.
Gestational hypertension can progress to preeclampsia, particularly in specific demographic groups such as
PIH Diagnosis involves blood pressure readings exceeding 140/90 mm Hg post the 20th week of pregnancy, without proteinuria (excess protein in the urine).
While the exact cause of gestational high blood pressure is unknown, certain factors increase your risk. These factors include:
Pregnant women with hypertension can have normal pregnancies. However, they are at a higher risk of complications. These may include-
If you already have hypertension, you should consult your doctor about these risks and possible surveillance during pregnancy.
If you develop gestational hypertension, it increases your risk of developing hypertension in the future.
Often, hypertension doesn't have any visible symptoms. However, the symptoms can differ among individuals. Hence, some women with gestational hypertension may experience noticeable signs.
Common symptoms of high blood pressure in pregnancy:
During pregnancy, high blood pressure can be of three types. Understanding the specific type is crucial for tailored care and effective management. Correct identification ensures a healthy outcome for both you and your baby.
Chronic hypertension is high blood pressure that is already present before pregnancy, diagnosed within the first 20 weeks of gestation, or not resolved after 12 weeks of giving birth. This type of hypertension is present in about 5% of all pregnancies.
Gestational hypertension is a new onset that starts after 20 weeks of pregnancy.
Preeclampsia is characterized by the development of hypertension and protein in the urine after 20 weeks of gestation. It causes for 2% to 8% of pregnancy-related complications worldwide.
The symptoms of preeclampsia are-
Having hypertension during pregnancy doesn't only affect the mother but also risks the developing baby.
High blood pressure makes it challenging for the baby to receive enough oxygen and nutrients. It could lead to your baby having a lower-than-average weight because of growth restrictions. It may also result in early delivery.
Monitoring the fetus is equally essential. To monitor the fetus, doctors may perform various tests like:
During prenatal appointments, your provider monitors your blood pressure. If they detect a higher-than-normal reading, they may check again at later appointments.
If your BP is consistently high after 20 weeks of pregnancy, your doctor may diagnose you with gestational hypertension.
If high BP persists, your doctor may conduct additional tests.
During pregnancy the normal BP range should not surpass 120/80 mm Hg during pregnancy.